Power

coalAbout 30% of power generated in India is by private companies. India’s Ministry of Power claims that industrial demand accounted for 35% of electrical power requirement, domestic household use accounted for 28%, agriculture 21%, commercial 9%, public lighting and other miscellaneous applications accounted for the rest.

World’s producers & consumers of electricity, 2013-14

Source: International Energy Agency

Consumption
GW-hr
Watts consumed per person Production
GW-hr
China
USA
India
Japan
Russia
Germany
Canada
France
Brazil
S. Korea
5463,800
4686,400
1111,722
859,700
1016,500
582,500
499,900
462,900
455,800
455,100
458
1683
90
774
808
861
1871
804
268
1038
5649,500
4260,400
1102,900
1088,100
1069,300
633,600
626,800
568,430
557,400
534,700

India’s power installed capacity breakup

Source: Indian Ministry of Power and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

As of 31 March 2013 Total installed capacity
(223,344 MW)
Thermal (coal, gas, diesel) 151,530
Hydro 39,491
Nuclear 4,780
Renewable (total) 27,542
Renewable (wind) *2012 14,989
Renewable (small hydro) *2012 3,154
Renewable (Biomass/ sugar bagasse) *2012 3,332
Renewal (Waste to energy) *2012 150
Renewal (Solar) *2012 119

Notes:

  • Rural electrification in India was up from 43.5% in 1991 to over 86% in 2011, according to Census of India. While 80% of Indian villages have at least an electricity line, 56% of rural households have no electricity.
  • Transmission and distribution losses amount to around 32% in 2010 (Source: International Energy Agency, France). Another source OECD, says transmission losses are 24% and losses due to theft was another 15%, compared with 3% total in China. Stolen electricity amounts to 1.5% of GDP.
  • Installed capacity was 66 GW in 1991 and 100 GW in 2001
  • Per capita consumption has grown from 15.6 kWH in 1950 to 314 kWH in the 1990’s to 700 kWH in 2012.
India's coal and lignite production
Oil and natural gas
India's hydro-electricity generation
Wind and solar energy installed capacity
Nuclear Power Producers around the World, 2014